Baikal EM-1 - what is it and how to apply it?
When growing your own vegetables and fruits, it is very important that the crop does not contain harmful substances. Some gardeners use manure as an organic fertilizer. But, out of ignorance or in a hurry, they use it unripened, not overripe or in very large quantities, and this contributes to the accumulation of nitrates. The use of excessive amounts of mineral fertilizers also adversely affects the quality of the fruit. How to be Indeed, without increasing the fertility of the land, without the use of fertilizing, it is impossible to get good yields. In this regard, the Baikal EM-1 preparation has acquired particular value today.
What does Baikal EM-1 consist of?
The composition of this drug includes live microorganisms:
- fixing nitrogen;
- lactic acid;
- sugar mycetes.
This product also contains the vital products of these beneficial bacteria and a nutrient fluid medium for them.
Microbiologists have done a great job. Each bottle of this elixir contains microorganisms useful for plants. They begin to activate at a temperature of + 10 ° C, but their effect is even better manifested at a temperature of + 20 ... + 25 ° C.
Advantages of using Baikal EM-1
Baikal EM-1 is an environmentally friendly product that contains microorganisms useful for plants. It can be used to increase soil fertility, root and foliar top dressing. At the same time, the application of mineral fertilizers can be reduced by at least half. And the use of natural farming methods - mulching, green manure, crop rotation, compost - together with Baikal EM-1 allows, in general, to abandon them.
Plants that received this “vitamin cocktail” form higher yields. According to research, the fruits of such crops contain less nitrate and other harmful substances. Plants develop stronger, well-formed immunity allows them to fight many diseases. And, therefore, the use of various means to protect plants from diseases and pests is minimized.
The Baikal EM-1 preparation is recommended for use at all stages of plant development:
- when soaking seeds;
- for preparing soil for seedlings;
- for spraying young seedlings on a leaf;
- for foliar and root top dressing of grown plants.
Baikal EM-1 is also used for soil improvement. To disinfect the soil, for 14 days before planting seedlings or before sowing seeds, you need to shed the beds with a solution of the drug of the recommended concentration (read about the rates of application of the drug below). But it is better to do this since the fall. Then microorganisms will begin their fruitful activity earlier.
The drug is successfully used in the garden, and in the garden, and in indoor floriculture. This elixir increases the vitality, survival rate of indoor plants, improves flowering, and prevents the appearance of diseases and pests.
In the orchard, this unique tool will increase the quantity and quality of fruits, make them more sugary and tasty. For this, some gardeners simply water the trees in the near-stem circle with Baikal EM-1 mortar.
Compost flavored with this composition quickly rehashes, turning into almost free humus, enriched with beneficial microorganisms. Do not believe that high-quality compost can be done in three weeks? With Baikal EM-1 it is real!
In general, the scope of this natural elixir in crop production is inexhaustible! Next - read in detail about how to use the drug for certain purposes.
This microbiological fertilizer is sold in concentrated form, 30 ml, so it will last for a long time and in the form of a preparation (100 ml, 250 ml, 500 ml, 1 l).
First, you need to prepare the drug from the concentrate. To do this, you must:
- Dilute 30 ml of Baikal EM-1 concentrate in 3 liters of warm (26-30 ° C), not chlorinated, settled water.
- Add to the solution a nutrient medium at the rate of 3 tablespoons of honey or 6 tablespoons of jam. To stir thoroughly.
- Close the lid, leaving as little air as possible under it. Soak the resulting preparation in a dark, warm (26-30 ° C) place for 2-3 days.
- After add 3 tablespoons of honey or 6 tablespoons of jam. Survive another 2-3 days.
- During fermentation, gas and foam formation, discoloration, and also slight precipitation are possible.
- The finished EM preparation is a tan (depending on the nutrient medium) liquid with a pleasant lactic acid odor. EM acidity (pH): 3.2-3.8.
- The EM preparation should be stored in a closed container without air, in a cool and dark place.
- The shelf life of the EM preparation is 18 months from the date of preparation.
Bottles of the Baikal EM-1 preparation (100 ml, 250 ml, 500 ml, 1 l) are equipped with a 5 ml capacity screw cap, which is equal to 1 teaspoon.
The cost of the drug Baikal EM-1
|Capacity||Concentration 1: 100||Concentration 1: 1000||Concentration 1: 2000|
|1 cup||1/3 tsp||5 drops||3 drops|
|1 liter||1 tbsp. l||25 drops||13 drops|
|5 liters||4 tbsp. l||1 tsp||0.5 tsp|
|10 liters||8 tbsp. l||2 tsp||1 tsp|
Concentration Baikal EM-1 for certain jobs:
- soaking and sowing seeds - 1: 1000;
- spraying of indoor plants and seedlings - 1: 2000;
- foliar and root dressing of adult plants - 1: 1000;
- composting and tillage - 1: 100.
Immediately before use, syrup or a little jam liquid is added to the working solution, mixed and used. How - read on.
Soaking and sowing seeds
To pre-activate beneficial microorganisms from the drug, the soil for seedlings is shed with a working solution 2 weeks before planting seeds. In this case, the temperature of the earth should be at least + 10 ° С. So that the soil does not dry out, the cups are covered with a film and cleaned in a warm place.
Next, in an unenameled container, it is necessary to put the seeds, pour them with a working solution of the Baikal EM-1 preparation, leave them in this form for 6-12 hours.
After processing, the seeds are dried to flowability, then sown in prepared cups. It remains to cover the containers with cling film, put them in a warm place until emergence. Then the shelter is removed.
Thus, you can soak any seeds, except those that are coated with color spraying (this is a concentrated solution of fungicides or fertilizers, which will be washed off when wet).
Foliar top dressing of seedling
If the seeds were soaked in the Baikal EM-1 preparation, the soil was spilled by them, then foliar seedlings may not be needed.
If the plants are stunted, poorly developed, then they should be sprayed with a solution of this drug of low concentration. But this can only be done when the second pair of true leaves or later is fully formed on the plants.
This elixir will subsequently help seedlings to take root better. Experienced gardeners, sharing their impressions of using Baikal EM-1, say that cucumber seedlings were damaged by late spring frosts, but only one that was not processed with this elixir was killed. Seedlings grown using this microbiological agent survived.
Growing adult plants
Since the bed was previously spilled by Baikal EM-1, the next application of the working solution of the drug will be required only 2 weeks after transplanting. And while the seedlings have not taken root, this remedy should not be used.
After 2 weeks, you can do root top dressing, and another week later - foliar, spraying on the sheet.
At this stage, it is very important to prepare nightshade for resistance to late blight and other diseases. The Baikal EM-1 preparation effectively copes with this. Microorganisms of Baikal EM-1 will destroy harmful bacteria, fungi, will not allow them to attack nightshade and plants of other groups.
But in order for the effect of the drug to be effective, it is impossible to simultaneously apply fertilizers containing chlorine and use fungicides along with Baikal EM-1. This solution interacts well with organic and mineral fertilizers.
How to make compost in 15-20 days?
With Baikal EM-1, it is really possible to make compost in 15-20 days, because the composition of this tool contains bacteria that feed on organics. To quickly prepare valuable compost, you need to grind the plant residues, put them in a barrel or in composter. If such containers are not available, then you can lay the film on a designated place, put organic waste there and cover it all with foil.
But first, the organics are watered with a working solution of Baikal EM-1 with a concentration of 1: 100!
You can also quickly turn manure into humus. Moreover, in the resulting substance there will be substances available for plants, and nitrates will not accumulate in the crop.
Dear readers! Baikal EM-1 is indeed a unique preparation that will facilitate the care of plants in the garden and garden, help you grow an environmentally friendly crop and take care of soil fertility. Give it a try! Share your impressions in the comments to the article.